The Tarkine is a large area in the north-west of Tasmania. It contains the largest area of temperate rainforest in Australia, which is extremely rare. There are extensive areas of beautiful untouched wilderness and it contains over sixty species of rare, threatened and endangered flora and fauna, including the Tasmanian Devil. It has a high concentration of Indigenous sites and artefacts, including many ancient middens along the coastline. The land also contains deposits of tin and iron ore, making it a valuable prospect for mining corporations, and has history of mining from the 1800s, including a current small silica quarry and a large open cut iron ore mine.